Introduction

Great progress has been made in reducing fatalities and injuries in the construction industry. The steady improvement is due, in large measure, to intensive emphasis from owners and construction firms who intensified their implementation of safety and health systems that previously were not established. Systems such as pre-task safety planning, behavioral safety observations, thorough safety orientations and training, as well as more frequent inspections and audits, have had great positive impact.

Coupled with the improvement in systems implementation is the increasing scrutiny of contractors and subcontractors during the bid phase and management of safety upon mobilization. No longer is the low bidder guaranteed to be the winner, as owners and construction management firms increasingly value strong safety and health processes.

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