Integrating the inversions of simultaneously acquired deep and ultra-deep logging while drilling (LWD) azimuthal resistivity measurements can improve the resolution of the overlapping volume under investigation and reduce uncertainty in the far field volume model reconstruction. Both are key tools for precise placement of horizontal wells, the recent enhancements in the downhole tools include surface processing algorithms and advanced visualization techniques that allow higher confidence in well placement decisions through improved understanding of subsurface geology and orientation of sand channels in real-time.
The high-definition multi-layer inversion capability of a new generation deep resistivity tool has been utilized along with the 1D and 3D ultra-deep resistivity inversion for a separate established tool, providing detailed visualization of formations both near wellbore and in the far field. Both technologies were compared in reservoirs with varying resistivity profiles and thicknesses. In addition, the resistivity anisotropy analysis from ultra-deep 3D inversion was utilized to confirm lithology around the wellbore differentiating anisotropic shale zones from other lithologies of similar low resistivity. Ultra-deep 3D inversions were processed with fine scale cell sizes and then used to validate the high-resolution deep resistivity inversion results.
The integration of multiple inversions with varying capabilities enabled resolving thin reservoir layers in a low-resistivity, low-contrast environment, providing superior resolution within the overlapping volumes of investigation of the deep and ultra-deep resistivities. Customization of the ultra-deep 3D inversion successfully enabled geo-mapping of 1-2 ft thick layers and was used to validate the high-resolution deep resistivity 1D inversion. The increasingly challenging geo-steering decision-making process in a complex drilling environment was addressed by employing the advancement in LWD technologies providing higher signal to noise ratios, multiple frequencies and transmitter-receiver spacings augmented with customized inversions providing superior results.
This paper demonstrates the added value, to identify, map and navigate thin reservoir zones. A novel workflow has been developed to improve resolution in deep and ultra-deep resistivity mapping, enabling the identification of thin laminations around the wellbore capitalizing on the latest advancements in LWD geo-steering technologies.