Endurance fuel calculations are used to determine the required volume of fuel tanks; annual fuel calculations are used to estimate the fuel consumed during a year of ship operations, primarily to estimate the projected cost of fuel as part of the life cycle cost estimate. These calculations depend on the fuel rates (kg/h) for different electrical and propulsion system configurations. The fuel rates in turn depend on factors, such as equipment efficiency, prime mover-specific fuel consumption curves, electrical loads, ambient temperature, propulsion loads, and the manner in which the power and propulsion systems, are operated. This paper details how to perform endurance fuel and annual fuel calculations, provides guidance for modeling system components based on data typically provided in data sheets, and provides guidance on the manner in which the power and propulsion systems are operated. Four examples are provided to illustrate the methods using the Smart Ship System Design modeling and simulation tool along with supporting spreadsheets.

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