Reservoir characterization is an ambitious challenge that aims to predict variations within the subsurface using fit-for-purpose information that follows physical and geological sense. To properly achieve subsurface characterization, artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms may be used. Machine learning, a subset of AI, is a data-driven approach that has exploded in popularity during the past decades in industries such as healthcare, banking and finance, cryptocurrency, data security, and e-commerce. An advantage of machine learning methods is that they can be implemented to produce results without the need to have first established a complete theoretical scientific model for a problem – with a set of complex model equations to be solved analytically or numerically. The principal challenge of machine learning lies in attaining enough training information, which is essential in obtaining an adequate model that allows for a prediction with a high level of accuracy. Ensemble machine learning in reservoir characterization studies is a candidate to reduce subsurface uncertainty by integrating seismic and well data. In this article, a bootstrap aggregating algorithm is evaluated to determine its potential as a subsurface discriminator. The algorithm fits decision trees on various sub-samples of a dataset and uses averaging to improve the accuracy of the prediction without over-fitting. The gamma ray results from our test dataset show a high correlation with the measured logs, giving confidence in our workflow applied to subsurface characterization.

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