Laboratory core flooding experiments with CO2, N2 and flue gas were carried out on coal in an experimental high P, T device under in-situ conditions. These experiments will be able to give an insight into the design of the injection system, management, control of the operations and the efficiency of an ECBM project. Although the experience gained by the oil industry represents a valuable starting point, several problems are still to be studied and solved before CO2 improved deep coalbed methane production may be operationally feasible. These are all related to the heterogeneous nature of the pore structure of coal, and in particular the presence of fractures. More specifically, a number of questions need to be addressed, e.g. what are the conditions under which the fluid in the micro-pores of the coal is displaced by the CO2 in the presence of competitive adsorption; what is the role of compositional heterogeneity and fracture anisotropy of coal for the injection design and the efficiency of the sequestration in relation to the swelling and shrinkage characteristics of coal; how does the mobile and the immobile water in the coal affect the exchange process. These questions can be answered by means of downscaled laboratory experiments that are capable of accurately describing the coupled process of multiphase flow, competitive adsorption, and geo-mechanics. In the laboratory conditions have been simulated to match pressure and temperature at depths of 800 to 1000 m. Under those conditions the injected CO2 remains supercritical. Upto now, the results show that dewatering will be an essential step for successful ECBM combined with a CO2 sequestration process.

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