The main objective was to drill a power water horizontal injector within the sweet spot of a thin fractured and heterogeneous reservoir to achieve pressure stabilization in this producing field and an optimized sweep at the bottom of reservoir to maximize and prolong production. A traditional triple-combo logging while drilling (LWD) portfolio cannot fulfill these challenging reservoir navigation and formation evaluation (FE) objectives simultaneously because of the limited number of measurements. Hence, a more holistic approach is required to optimize the well placement via the integration of real-time LWD FE measurements to maximize the injectivity.
An integrated LWD assembly was utilized and offset well FE data were studied to select the best zone for well placement to provide the best injectivity and production of the remaining oil towards the base of the reservoir. Extensive pre-well modeling was performed, based on offset well data with multiple scenarios reviewed to cover all eventualities. Another challenge was to place the wellbore in a relatively low resistive zone (water wet) in contrast to normal development wells where the wellbore is navigated in high resistive hydrocarbon bearing zones, so conventional distance to bed boundary mapping methodology was not applicable. To overcome this challenge; advanced Multi Component (MC) While Drilling resistivity inversion was proposed in conjunction with deep azimuthal resistivity technology. The benefit of this technique is in providing the resistivity of each layer within the depth of detection along with thickness and dip of each layer.
Resistivity inversion results were correlated with nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) porosity and volumetric data to identify the best zone for well placement. As MC inversion was able to map multiple layers within ~7 ft radius depth of detection, changing thicknesses and dip of each layer; the geosteering team was able to make proactive recommendations based on the inversion results. These proactive trajectory adjustments resulted in maintaining the wellbore within a thin target zone (1-3 ft in thickness) also confirmed by NMR and Formation Testing Service (FTS) in real-time, achieving excellent net-to-gross, which otherwise would not have been possible.
The hexa-combo LWD assembly supported optimum well placement and provided valuable information about the geological structure through the analysis of high-resolution electrical images identifying the structural events which cause compartmentalization, confirmed by FTS results. This integrated LWD approach enabled proactive well trajectory adjustments to maintain the wellbore within the optimum porous, permeable and fractured target zone. This integrated methodology improved the contact within the water-injection target of the horizontal section, in a challenging thin reservoir and achieved 97.5 % exposure.
Using an integrated LWD hexa-combo BHA and full real-time analysis the objective was achieved in one run with zero Non-Productive Time (NPT) and without any real-time or memory data quality issues.