The South Ratqa heavy oil field, located in the Northern part of Kuwait, will be developed thermally with the first phase of the development expected to become on stream in 2019. The water source to make up steam is coming from the Municipality Sewage Plant Sulaibiya (SWWTP) located in Kuwait City. The Sulaibiya plant is handling sewage water which is locally treated to make it suitable for further use. In the treatment process, RO units are used, and the reject stream of those RO units was identified as water source for the steam plant in the South Ratqa field.
In total six steps are required to cover the full treatment scheme of the Boiler Feed Water (BFW) plant, namely: (a) Water Clarifier and sludge treatment, (b) Multimedia and Ultra filtration, (c) Ion Exchange, (d) double Reverse Osmosis, (e) Ozone and Ultra Violet treatment and (f) finally De-aerator. Currently, the plant is being constructed as part of the first phase of the South Ratqa thermal development. Control of bacteria was identified early in the design phase to be crital to ensure successful operation of the BFW plant with minimal down time. Bacteria control will be done at two locations:
Upstream of the BFW plant: chemical control of bacteria growth with chlorine addition.
Within the BFW plant: mechanical bacteria control using a combination of ozone addition and UV.
Upstream of the BFW plant, chlorine will be added in the Sulaibiya plant located 123 km from the South Ratqa field. The project team realized that the added chlorine at this plant would not be enough to fully limit bacterial growth throughout the 123 km pipeline and more importantly, the growth in the 3 storage tanks upstream of the BFW plant. It was then decided to add extra chlorine injection capacity in the BFW plant just before the storage tanks. A suitable test protocol was developed to define the required extra chlorine demand resulting in a residual chlorine level between 0.5 and 2 mg/l entering the BFW plant and taking into account the extra residence times in the process.
The extra injection capacity is currently under design. With the help of this extra chlorine addition bacteria growth will be under control and the required high BFW plant availability can be achieved.