The microfluidic experiments were conducted in this paper to clarify the flow dynamics of in situ microemulsion and further understand its EOR performances. Two kinds of 2.5D glass micromodel with varied depths of pore and throat are fabricated. One is designed for the imbibition tests, which consists of two fractures and a tight matrix. Another one is a fractured micromodel designed for the flooding tests. The micromodels are originally water wet, and can be altered to oil wet through the surface modification. At the same time, three microemulsion-forming surfactant solutions at the salinity of type I, II or III were prepared, respectively. Then the flow dynamics of these three surfactant solutions during imbibition and flooding process were visualized by the microfluidic experiments. Results show that the type I surfactant solution realizes the highest oil recovery rate in both water-wet and oil-wet imbibition micromodels. Meanwhile, the type III surfactant solution realize the highest oil recovery in both water-wet and oil-wet fractured micromodels.