The main goal of the pilot job is to assess the risks of production by horizontal wells and multilateral wells with a close gas cap above and water layers beneath the main formation. The objectives are to monitor the total producing length of the wells using temperature and pressure surveillance. The results of monitoring were analyzed at different stages of development.
An analysis was carried out by combining pressure and temperature data obtained while monitoring the production of multilateral wells. The well properties were determined using RTA and PTA.
To assess the inflow profile, distributed temperature sensors in the wells were analyzed for the entire period of appraisal production. A feature of the research was the low contrast of temperature anomalies associated with fluid inflow. In addition, it was also revealed that the DTS absolute readings at the depth of the formation were affected by surface temperature, which required corrections and the use of relative readings in the calculations instead of absolute ones.
The main feature of the pressure analysis was the short period of production. With such well completion geometry and reservoir properties of the layer, the radial flow could not be achieved during the whole test period. Despite these limitations, the dynamics of the total producing length of the well was determined. The initial value of the producing length was about 70% of the drilled length, then there is a slight decrease after 7 to 10 months of well production.
By analyzing the fiber-optic temperature profile, an inflow profile was assessed. Based on the analysis of changes in relative temperature anomalies, the shares of inflow from the sidetracks were estimated.
Several memory temperature / pressure gauges set along the horizontal section were used as an additional data source to monitor well parameters during the whole period of production. The difference in their readings was due to, among other things, the average flow rate in the section between the sensors, which made it possible to give an independent assessment of the inflow profile.
Based on the results of the job performed, a number of risks and uncertainties were removed, including information on the total flowing horizontal length dynamics, which is a valuable input for full-field development planning. In addition, an express method of DTS data analysis has been developed for assessing the wellbore producing length without significant temperature changes associated with intervals of inflow.